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      2013.6全國英語六級真題翻譯分析總結

      2013-06-21 來源:讀書人 
      讀書人網精心為大家整理了2013.6全國英語六級真題翻譯分析總結,今后帶來更多更全更新的教育考試類相關資料,希望對大家的考試能帶來幫助!

        翻譯

        翻譯部分,今年仍舊是以基本語法和固定搭配作為核心考點,考生需要掌握一些常用搭配,如further one's studies abroad.同時也需要熟悉基本語法,如88題中的讓步狀語從句,even if引導詞的使用,還有如第90題的倒裝結構就是考核學生的so置句首,使用部分倒裝, 助動詞和主語顛倒。

      2013年6月六級考試的翻譯考題仍然采用多題多卷形式,也就是說相鄰考生卷面的翻譯題有所不同。此次六級的翻譯考題和我們上課所講的翻譯考點一樣,分別為固定搭配、倒裝句、比較級、虛擬語氣等。其中有多到題目都出現了"考題重復"現象,所以正如上課所講,翻譯的復習范圍即是"歷年真題",如果考生在考試前,仔細復習了這些真題,相信一定會在翻譯考題中游刃有余。

        以下為本次六級考試翻譯的三套真題,題目及答案及解析如下:

        【真題一】

        82. She fell into deep thought, with ________(她的眼睛緊盯著屏幕).

        83. ______________(直到十八世紀中葉)did scientists realize that the whole of the

        brain was involved in the working of the mind.

        84. It is universally acknowledged that nothing is more precious than time,__________(但又沒有什么比時間更不受珍惜).

        85. _________(你要是更小心些就好了)!The accident could have been avoided.

        86. A professor at the Academy has proposed that__________(設立專項基金來推進創新).

        【參考答案】

        82. her eyes closely staring at the screen

        【解析】本題考查介詞結構及固定短語。with+ sth(身體某部位)+doing表示伴隨狀態。stare at 即 "盯著"。

        83. Not until the middle of the eighteenth century

        【解析】本題考查連詞及倒裝句。由主句did+主語結構,可以看出這個句子是個倒裝句,因此首句的連詞用表否定的Not until 比較好。

        84. while nothing is less cherished than time

        【解析】本題考查比較級。由前一句可以看出后半句和前半句是相反對比,因此替換比較級結構,將more…than替換為less…than;同時注意"珍惜"cherish 用分詞形式。

        85. If only you were more careful

        【解析】本題考查虛擬語氣。if only 即"要是……就好了",注意虛擬語氣,因此謂語用were。

        86. a special fund be set up to boost innovation

        【解析】本題考查虛擬語氣,一般表"建議"類得單詞后面,要出現虛擬語氣,虛擬的標志是should+動詞原形。另外 "專項基金"即 a special fund,"推動創新"可譯為boost / promote / drive/ push forward innovation。

        【真題二】

        82. ______________(我們剛到山頂)than we all sat down to rest.

        83. Anyone driving with a high blood alcohol level ___________(將被指控為醉駕) and face a severe penalty.

        84. Many people have become so addicted to online shopping that they ___________ (情不自禁每天都要訪問購物網站).

        85. You are an executive council member of our organization, so ___________(你說的話有份量).

        86. To fully appreciate the author's motive and intention, you really have to ___________ (仔細從字里行間去解讀).

        【參考答案】


        82. No sooner had we reached the top of the hill

        【解析】本題考查倒裝。No sooner+ 過去完成時態+ than+ 過去時態,表示"一…..就…."或者"剛….就….."

        83. will be accused of drunk driving

        【解析】本題考查固定搭配。指控表達為"accuse sb of sth".

        84. can't help themselves visiting shopping websites everyday

        【解析】本題考查固定搭配。情不自禁的表達為"can't help doing sth"

        85. what you said weighs a lot /what you said matters

        【解析】本題考查固定搭配。有分量表達為"sth weigh a lot"或者"sth matter"

        86. understand/read carefully between the lines

        【解析】本題考查固定搭配。字里行間解讀表達為"read between lines"

        【真題三】

        82. If you do too many things at the same time, __________(將以一事無成告終)

        83. Now we can find almost everything we need online and have_______________(我們所購之物送上門)

        84. (你越知道你自己的弱點)_____________, the better prepared you will be for the undertaking.

        85. (你們事故調查做的徹底的話)__________,the police would not have jumped to the conclusion.

        86. ________(博士學位變得幾乎必不可少)

        【參考答案】

        82. nothing will be accomplished.

        【解析】本題考查固定搭配。

        83. our buyings delivered to our doors.

        【解析】本題考查固定搭配。讓某物做某事表達為"have sth done"

        84. The better you know your weakness

        【解析】本題考查比較級。越….越….表達為"the more….. , the more..."

        85. If you had made a thorough accident investigation

        【解析】本題考保存并繼續查虛擬語氣。和事實相反的時候需要用虛擬語氣,句型結構為"if+had done, would have done"

        86. the Doctor's degree become almost absolutely necessary

        【解析】本題考查固定搭配。

        第一道題: 82.______________(我們剛到山頂)than we all sat down to rest.

        【答案】 No sooner had we reached the top of the hill

        考點鏈接:新概念第二冊Lesson 38 文章第三行‘ He had no sonner returned than he bought a house and went to live there.’

        考點分析:過去完成時+倒裝結構,否定詞提到句首,句子半倒裝,助動詞had提到主語前面,結合no sooner...than... 一...就... 句型結構得出答案。該考點需要注意兩點:1:no sooner后面的動作用過去完成時,than后面的動詞用一般過去時,注意動作發生的先后順序。2. 倒裝結構只發生在前半部分的no sooner...,than...后面的動詞用自然語序,不需要倒裝。

        第二道題:83. Anyone driving with a high blood alcohol level________________(將被指控為醉駕) and face a severe penalty.

        【答案】will be accused of drunk driving

        考點鏈接:新概念第二冊Lesson22 Key structures 動詞與介詞的搭配 a OF: 第一個 accuse, 動詞accuse與of搭配。Lesson21文章第6行Sometimes I think this house will be knocked down by a passing plane.能找到將來時被動語態的原型。 新概念第三冊Lesson16文章第10行Dimitri immediately went to Aleko’s house and angrily accused him of stealing the lamb.其中accuse...of...結構能找到原型。

        考點分析:詞組搭配accuse sb...of...用...來指控某人+一般將來時的被動語態,結構為will be done。

        第三道題: 84.Many people have become so addicted to online shopping that they__________________(情不自禁每天都要訪問購物網站).

        【答案】can’t help themselves visiting shopping websites everyday

        考點鏈接:新概念第二冊Lesson68 整篇課文的重點為動詞后面用動名詞作賓語的結構。文章出現的avoid, fancy, enjoy, mind, finish, prevent...from..., no use, be busy, insist on...等詞及詞組后面常接動名詞作賓語。新概念第三冊Lesson37文章第11行I could not help noticing that a great many local people got on as well.其中can’t help doing的句式結構可以找到原型。

        考點分析:本體考察英語中動詞后面接動名詞作賓語這個考點,“情不自禁做某事”的結構為can’t help doing sth. 訪問網站用動詞詞組visit websites。

        第四道題:84. While crossing the mountain area, all the men carried guns lest______________ (被野生動物襲擊).

        【答案】 be attacked by wild animals

        考點鏈接:新概念第二冊Lesson64文章第7行He suggest that a double railway tunnel should be built. 能找得到虛擬語氣的原型。

        考點分析:本題考察的suggest, demand, recommend, lest 等詞接賓語從句,從句中用虛擬語氣的考點。虛擬語氣部分為should+V原型,should可以省略。

        第五道題:85. ________________(信已經寫完了) by the time you come back.

        【答案】 The letter will have been finished

        考點鏈接:新概念第二冊Lesson61文章第11行By the time you read this, the Hubble’s eagle eye will have sent us thousands and thousands of wonderful pictures.能找到將來完成時的原型。

        考點分析:本題題中時間狀語by the time you come back決定了該題的時態為將來完成時,表示到將來的某一時間點動作將結束,結構為will have done, 此題還需結合被動語態,寫是被寫完,故為將來完成時的時態結合被動語態來考,結構為will have been done.

        由此可見,大學英語六級考試與新概念系列教材的知識點緊扣,大家在平時的學習和備考中要多注重新概念英語系列教材的學習和總結,把每篇課文和每個語法知識點都吃透,考試自然能輕松得高分!

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      (作者:讀書人網友 編輯:kind887)
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