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      雅思作文開頭九大方法

      2015-09-30 來源:讀書人網 
      九大雅思作文開頭方法分享給考生朋友們,想要取得雅思寫作高分的話就要做足準備,開頭結尾與主體段的寫作任何

      九大雅思作文開頭方法分享給考生朋友們,想要取得雅思寫作高分的話就要做足準備,開頭結尾與主體段的寫作任何一項都不能缺少。下面,就趕緊和小編一起來了解一下吧。

        雅思作文開頭方法1、通過媒體報道把問題呈現在讀者面前,引發思考 

        例如在寫關于該不該禁煙的話題時,可以這樣開頭:

        A recent study conducted by Zhongshan University has found that the number of smokers has been increasing sharply over the pastfive years. Research findings also reveal that the incidence of smoking-related conditions has soared. As a result, the ban on smoking has been in the spotlight.

        中山大學最近做的一個研究表明,在過去五年里,吸煙人數急劇上升。研究結果同時顯示,吸煙導致的疾病發病率也急劇增長。因此,禁煙成為一個熱點話題。這個開頭通過媒體報道把問題呈現在讀者面前,從而引出吸煙比例急劇上升造成的危害,引發讀者思考。

        雅思作文開頭方法2、提出有爭議性的問題,激發讀者興趣,使其積極參與討論 

        例如在寫到警察是否應該持槍這篇文章時作者說:

        If police in the U.K. are able to go without guns and not have crime getting completely out of control then they have already set a fine example that other countries should follow. The fact that they are able to do this is an indication of their ability to control the flow of guns to the general populace and this makes citizens safer than anything else. To a civilian, taking guns away from criminals is more important than giving them to police.

        提出這個有爭議的話題,激發讀者的興趣,使讀者積極參與到討論中來,讓大家各抒己見進行討論。

        雅思作文開頭方法3、引起讀者興趣的話題 

        例如在寫關于體罰的話題文章時,采用這樣一個開頭:

        It is reported that a boy in Zhuhai was beaten to death by his father on Father' Day. Ample evidence also shows that children who are frequently abused by their parents or teachers tend to be introverted, pessimistic, indifferent and even world-weary. Recently, there has arisen a fierce argument on whether corporal punishment should be abolished. Teachers, parents and experts take diverse attitudes towards this issue.

        據報道,在父親節那天,珠海有個小男孩被爸爸打死了。充分的證據也顯示,經常遭父母或老師虐待的小孩往往比較內向、悲觀、冷漠甚至厭世。近來,關于是否應該廢除體罰出現了一場激烈的爭論,老師、家長和專家各執一詞。

        當讀者看到這個話題時產生了濃厚的興趣進而引起了對這件事情的思考。

        雅思作文開頭方法4、呈現該話題正反方的觀點 

        例如在寫到男性和女性誰可以做更好的父母時可以這樣開頭:

        At the mere mention of women governing the world, most of us may naturally form an unrealistic picture of a more peaceful world where the sun always shines. The other side of the picture, however, is just to the opposite.

        在開頭提出兩種不同的觀點,不同的讀者可以根據自己對問題的看法進行思考,從而引發讀者的探究心理,進一步思考這個問題從而得出結論。

        雅思作文開頭方法5、引用名人名言、諺語等作為文章的開頭 

        例如在寫到先天跟后天哪一個更重要時,“Genius is two percent inspiration and ninety-eight percent perspiration” is the opinion held by Edison. This remark has been confirmed time and again by more and more people.

        “天才是百分之二的靈感,百分之九十八的汗水”是愛迪生的觀點,而且反復被越來越多的人所證實,通過引用名人名言揭示了文章的主題,為下文很好地做了鋪墊。

        雅思作文開頭方法6、對將要討論的話題進行定義 

        例如在寫到Globalization時:

        Globalization-the international spread of products, ideas and information-is bringing the world closer together. But globalization is not a new concept. For thousands of years, nations have roamed the earth in search of new markets and new sources of raw materials for their own industries.

        關于"全球化"這個名詞,考生并不陌生,但是如何用合理的語言來賦予它一個含義,這并非易事,上述的引言段就很好地做到了這一點,先是從字面上詮釋了"全球化"的定義,進而又從實際生活角度賦予了它另外一層含義。

        雅思作文開頭方法7、追根溯源法 

        即從題目給出的話題中找出這個現象產生的原因來擴展背景句。這種方法適合大多數的話題。例如There are social, medical and technical problems associated with the use of mobile phones. What forms do they take? Do you agree that the problems outweigh the benefits of mobilephone?

        這個題目中給出的話題是mobile phone, 所以考生可以從它產生的原因來考慮,就是科技的繁榮,而科技的繁榮,手機的廣泛使用是在20世紀末,這樣背景句就有內容可寫了。當然要通過相應的句型來寫,這個背景句就可以寫成:

        The late 20th century witnessed the boom of science and technology, which gave rise to a series of technological innovations, including the mobile phone.

        再比如另外一道題目:

        Nowadays, some universities offer students skills that assist them to find employment, but some people believe that the main function of a university should be to provide students with access to knowledge for its sake. What is your opinion?

        這題要求大家討論大學是提供職業技能還是傳授知識。從傳統觀點來看,大學是傳授知識的地方,為什么會提出要傳授技能呢?所以這里考生也可以用追根溯源法思考一下,大家肯定可以想到是由于找工作已經成為當今教育的目的之一了,所以很多大學就轉移到以傳授技能為主了。

        As job-hunting has become one of the main purposes of university education,the majority of the universities tend to offer vocational trainings to prepare the students for their future career.

        雅思作文開頭方法8、重述法 

        即對關于這個話題的當前現狀的重述。

        請看一例:

        Nowadays, people are facing more and more work-related stress. State the possible reasons for this phenomenon and make some recommendations about how to combat it.

        本題的話題關于壓力,那考生可從當前社會現象來考慮這個問題,考生不難想出當下對壓力這一現象的情況,即很多人都在承受著或多或少的壓力。可用it is generally believed that … 形式主語的句型。

        參考: It is generally believed that white-collar as well as blue-collars workers are suffering from psychological and physical stress stemming from work.

        再看一例:

        Environmental problem is too big for individual countries and individual people to address. In other words, we have reached the stage where the only way to protect the environment is at an international level. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

        本題話題為環境問題,考生也可用重述法對當前環境問題進行重述,這時,可以用In modern society/ At present, 等表時間的介詞短語來引導一個敘述句型。

        參考:In modern society, environment related issues have confronted ecological scientists, government agencies and the general public.

        雅思作文開頭方法9、定義法 

        即通過對話題詞的定義的介紹,這種方法有一定難度,考生需要有淵博的知識,才能做到對名詞的解釋,但對特別明顯的詞語,考生可借鑒這種方法。

        請看一例:

        The main purpose of public libraries is to provide books and they should not waste their limited resources and space on providing expensive hi-tech media such as computer software, videos and DVDs. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

        本題中的話題詞為圖書館,可以解釋的詞也是圖書館比較方便容易。那么到底如何解釋呢,比如說圖書館在傳統意義上來看,是收藏書的地方,而現在因為科技發展,使得圖書館的意義發生改變,從而引出話題。這里同樣可以用形式主語:

        It is generally believed that public libraries are places with a large collection of books; however, the digital time has given .it a new means of storing and retrieving information.

        以上就是九大雅思作文開頭方法的詳細介紹,了解之后,考生要更加用心準備,多加練習,查漏補缺,不斷改進。


      (作者:網絡 編輯:kind887)
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